Substance Abuse Treatment Programs
Substance abuse treatment programs vary based on a patient's needs and the severity of their addiction. Some individuals may complete treatment on an outpatient basis, while others may require more intensive care, such as residential treatment. A team of addiction experts can work with an individual to determine which treatment program is best for them.
Types of Addiction Treatment Programs
There are several types of addiction treatment programs. Some patients may pass through various treatment phases, whereas others may only need one or two levels of care.
A medical detox program is the first step for a person who is beginning the drug and alcohol treatment for a severe addiction to substances like heroin, alcohol, or benzodiazepines. In medical detoxification, patients are supervised by trained health professionals who can observe symptoms and ensure that patients are safe while withdrawing from drugs or alcohol.
In a medical detoxification program, staff can provide medications to ease the discomfort of withdrawal as drugs and alcohol are leaving the body. For instance, experts report that withdrawing from heroin may take lofexidine to alleviate withdrawal symptoms. Individuals may also take buprenorphine or methadone during medical detox. It's essential to keep in mind that medication is only used during withdrawal when clinically cleared by a medical expert.
Medications can be utilized during the withdrawal process in medical detox, and they can also be part of an ongoing medication-assisted treatment program. Medication-assisted treatment entails using medications in tandem with counseling during the recovery process.
Medication-assisted treatment is usually used to treat addictions to prescription opioids, illicit opioids, and alcohol. Medications can help manage cravings and stabilize both brain chemistry and bodily functioning. According to research, medication-assisted treatment can help patients stay in treatment, reduce opiate abuse, increase survival rates, and minimize criminal activity. Much like with medical detox, buprenorphine and methadone are commonly prescribed in medication-assisted therapies for opioid addiction. Acamprosate and disulfiram may be used for the treatment of alcohol abuse.
Inpatient rehab is usually provided in a hospital or a clinic that specializes in inpatient treatment. In this sort of treatment setting, medical professionals monitor patients and have 24-hour access to nurses. Individuals participating in inpatient treatment often receive medications and counseling services and take part in group therapy.
Inpatient treatment typically entails an ongoing assessment of the addiction and monitoring of goals. Once a patient has completed inpatient treatment, the staff creates a discharge plan, and the patient is moved to another drug and alcohol treatment setting, such as ongoing outpatient therapy.
Partial Hospitalization Program
A partial hospitalization program offers an alternative to inpatient or residential drug and alcohol treatment. According to The Association for Ambulatory Behavioral Healthcare, these programs are offered either in hospitals or freestanding clinics and provide intensive services. People who participate in a partial hospitalization program may receive treatment during days, evenings, or weekends, returning home at night. If a supportive home environment isn't available, clients may live in a sober living facility.