When is the time to see a fertility doctor?
One of the most coveted titles in the world is to be parents. Some even say that the greatest blessing that they have is being called ‘mom’ and ‘dad’ by their children. The joy of parenthood is miraculous and divine. Privileged are those who experience it naturally. But some are not so ‘privileged’; some couples face medical issues in conceiving naturally. But with the advancement in science and technology, the infertility issue can be resolved in most cases.
Difficulty in conceiving is a common problem for couples nowadays. Do not let a string of negative pregnancy tests dishearten you. Doctors advise young couples to try conceiving naturally for up to a year. Conception is a concept that happens only during the fertile days of a menstrual cycle. Most women do not you get pregnant in the very first attempt. But, it is a matter of concern if you are unable to conceive after trying naturally for one year.
With time passing by, it is seen that more and more couples are opening up about their fertility problems. They are proactively seeking help from their health providers about their reproductive health. It is no longer a topic behind closed doors. At GarbhaGudi IVF, you get the best chance of having a healthy pregnancy. Thanks to the advanced technology and excellent guidance from internationally acclaimed fertility specialists at GarbhaGudi.
In this article, we will dwell on some guidelines that will help you decide on when you should consult a fertility specialist.
The AGE factor:
If you are below 35 years: If you have tried naturally to get pregnant for over 12 months and yet unable to conceive, it is time to visit a fertility specialist. In Indian women, the ovarian reserve generally starts declining rapidly from the age of 35. With ageing, the egg reserve of a healthy woman starts to deplete and gets fully exhausted by the age of 40-45, leading to menopause.
If you are above 35 years: If you have been trying to conceive naturally and failing for six months or more, then consult a fertility specialist immediately. Women above 35 years of age have a lesser chance of pregnancy, even through assisted reproductive techniques, because the available eggs may not be of the best quality (due to aging). With age, other complications can also arise that leads to reduced chances of conception.
The Health Factor
Several health conditions may have adverse effects on the fertility potential of women.
Thyroid disorder: This disorder in women can lead to hormonal imbalances. Women who suffer from thyroid diseases are known to be affected by conditions like infertility, miscarriages, abnormalities in foetal brain development, etc. However, if there is thyroid disorder and the woman takes the prescribed medication, then she can conceive through fertility treatment and sometimes without any fertility treatment too. During the treatment procedure, the patient should consult the fertility specialist regularly.
A woman suffering from PCOS or endometriosis: Women with PCOS may have difficult in conceiving due to the quality of the eggs and lack of proper ovulation. Due to endometriosis, pelvic environment is unhealthy and is associated with damaged tubes and weaker ovaries. Both conditions can result in lower chances of natural conception. Women with these conditions should consult the fertility specialist when they decide to get pregnant.
Undiagnosed fertility issues: This can be another reason to consult a fertility specialist. In these cases, symptoms to look out for are irregular periods, pain in the pelvic region, an absence of periods and multiple miscarriages that may have occurred in the past. If you have any of these symptoms, you should reach out to a fertility specialist without wasting further time.
Your BMI is high or low: weight impacts the reproductive functions and the hormonal balance of your body. Women may be at higher risk of infertility when the BMI (Body Mass Index) is under 18 or above 30. If such women do conceive, higher BMI can even cause complications during pregnancy. It is worth talking to your doctor about how to achieve a better BMI. If you are underweight or over weight, getting your BMI into the normal range can make a huge difference in your attempt to conceive. However, even with higher or lower BMI, women may get pregnant if they are ovulating regularly.
Other Medical Conditions: To achieve a healthy pregnancy in women suffering from chronic medical conditions like kidney complications, hypertension, and cancer, genetically transferred conditions like diabetes; Alzheimer’s disease, etc. are advised to consult a fertility specialist for a treatment plan.
The Male Factor
Infertility is not a woman’s problem alone. Male factors play a role in 40-45% of all infertility cases.
In men, infertility is generally because of sperm factors. Infertility can also occur due to conditions like cancer or cancer treatment, testicular or pelvic injury, varicocele, diabetes, obesity, etc. However, there is no underlying cause found in many cases. A semen analysis is done as a part of the initial evaluation, based on which further treatment options may be advised.
Erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation problems can also cause difficulties in conceiving. Sexologists and psychologists are there to address these issues. An individual with any sexually transmitted infections (STIs) should be on treatment immediately, for these infections can affect the quantity and the quality of sperms. If any of these factors apply to you or your partner, you should consult a fertility specialist immediately. Male infertility is treated with fertility treatments like IVF and ICSI.
Infertility in men and women can happen because of many reasons, so one should not wait and try home remedies as age is a crucial contributing factor for the chances of getting pregnant. It is a battle against time and age. The sooner you visit the fertility specialist, the better it is for you and your partner.
If you have any fertility queries, you can consult our fertility specialist doctors, who are known for their exceptional success rates, at GarbhaGudi IVF Centre, Bangalore.