Vitamin B12, also referred to as cobalamin, is a crucial vitamin involved in red blood corpuscle production, brain health, and DNA synthesis .
A deficiency during this key vitamin can cause serious symptoms, including fatigue, nerve damage, digestive issues, and neurological problems like depression and amnesia .
Therefore, many of us address vitamin B12 supplements to assist meet their needs and stop a deficiency. This article examines the foremost differences between methylcobalamin and cyanocobalamin â€” two of the most common sources of vitamin B12 found in supplements.
Synthetic vs. Natural
Vitamin B12 supplements are typically derived from two sources: cyanocobalamin or methylcobalamin. Both are nearly identical and contain a cobalt ion surrounded by a corrin ring. However, each have a special molecule attached to the cobalt ion. While methylcobalamin contains a methyl , cyanocobalamin contains a cyanide molecule. Cyanocobalamin may be a synthetic sort of vitamin B12 thatâ€™s not found in nature May be absorbed and retained differently. Another major difference between methylcobalamin and cyanocobalamin is that the way theyâ€™re absorbed and retained within your body.
Some studies suggest that your body may absorb cyanocobalamin slightly better than methylcobalamin.
In fact, one study found that peopleâ€™s bodies absorbed about 49% of a 1-mcg dose of cyanocobalamin, compared to 44% of an equivalent dose of methylcobalamin. Conversely, another study comparing the 2 forms reported that about 3 times the maximum amount cyanocobalamin was excreted through urine, indicating that methylcobalamin could also be retained better within your body .
However, some research suggests that differences in bioavailability between the 2 forms could also be insignificant which absorption might be influenced by factors like age and genetics .
Unfortunately, recent research directly comparing these two sorts of vitamin B12 is restricted .
Additional studies are needed to live the absorption and retention of methylcobalamin versus cyanocobalamin in healthy adults. Itâ€™s used more frequently in supplements, as itâ€™s considered more stable and price effective than other sorts of vitamin B12 . When cyanocobalamin enters your body, itâ€™s converted into either methylcobalamin or adenosylcobalamin, which are the 2 active sorts of vitamin B12 in humans .
Unlike cyanocobalamin, methylcobalamin may be a present sort of vitamin B12 which will be obtained through supplements, also as food sources like fish, meat, eggs, and milk. Both methylcobalamin and cyanocobalamin are often converted to other sorts of vitamin B12, Click for more info Vitamin B Gummies
When you ingest cyanocobalamin, it are often converted to both of the active sorts of vitamin B12 , methylcobalamin and adenosylcobalamin. Much like methylcobalamin, adenosylcobalamin is important to several aspects of your health.
Itâ€™s involved within the metabolism of fats and amino acids, also because the formation of myelin, which creates a protective sheath around your nerve cells. Deficiencies in both sorts of vitamin B12 can increase your risk of neurological issues and adverse side effects (10Trusted Source). Both cyanocobalamin and methylcobalamin are reduced to a cobalamin molecule thatâ€™s converted to the active sorts of this vitamin within the cells of the body.
Some researchers recommended treating vitamin B12 deficiencies with either cyanocobalamin or a mixture of methylcobalamin and adenosylcobalamin thanks to distinct properties of those latter two forms.
Both forms have health benefits
Although distinct differences exist between methylcobalamin and cyanocobalamin, both have beneficial effects on health and may prevent B12 deficiencies .
In fact, one study found that treating seven B12-deficient people with oral methylcobalamin normalized vitamin B12 levels in their blood within 2 months. Similarly, another study showed that taking cyanocobalamin capsules for 3 months also increased vitamin B12 levels in 10 people with pernicious anaemia , a condition caused by impaired B12 absorption.
Both sorts of the vitamin can also provide other health benefits.
One review of seven studies showed that both methylcobalamin and a B-complex containing cyanocobalamin were effective in reducing symptoms of diabetic neuropathy, a complication of diabetes that results in nerve damage.
Additionally, several animal studies have found that every form could have neuroprotective effects and should be beneficial in treating conditions that affect your systema nervosum . If you think that you'll have a vitamin B12 deficiency, ask your doctor to work out the simplest course of treatment. However, if youâ€™re just looking to fill within the nutritional gaps in your diet, a vitamin B12 supplement & Vitamin B supplements
Cyanocobalamin may be a synthetic sort of vitamin B12 which will be converted to the natural forms methylcobalamin and adenosylcobalamin. The body may absorb cyanocobalamin better, while methylcobalamin features a higher retention rate. Both can prevent B12 deficiency, but methylcobalamin should be combined with adenosylcobalamin for best results. Regardless of which sort of vitamin B12 you select , make certain to mix it with a healthy, well-balanced diet to satisfy your nutritional needs and optimize your health.