The “Mozart effect” is the name given to the series of supposed benefits produced by listening to the music composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
These theories assume that his music temporarily improves Spatio-temporal reasoning and short-term memory. However, this effect continues to be investigated and there are many opinions that question it. For example, the biologist Nicholas Spitzer of the University of California questioned the existence of the Mozart effect from his interpretations of a study, where he pointed out that no effect on brain activity or capacity was shown by listening to Mozart music.
On the other hand, a study carried out by "write my paper 4 me" offers a clue about the possible physiological bases of the presumed Mozart effect. The authors of the work collected data on a type of cell present in the primary processing area of the brain during early development.
Thus, until now it was thought that the so-called neurons of the subplate were part of a structural scaffolding without function in the transmission of sensory information. However, the experiment found that they do conduct signals. This finding would support earlier research documenting fetuses' brain activity, hitherto unlocated, in response to sound.
These nerve cells are among the first to make up the cerebral cortex, a region that controls perception, abstract reasoning, language, and memory.
The effects of music
In 1993, French psychologist Rauscher, from the University of California, described the positive effects of classical music on tests of space-time reasoning. In his article Music and Spatial Task Performance, published in the journal Nature, 36 students were observed listening for 10 minutes to the sonata for two pianos in D major KV 448 / 375a (included in the Köchel catalog).
The study was carried out with three groups of high school students who were assigned different tasks:
The first group listened to the aforementioned work of Mozart
A second group listened to relaxation instructions designed to lower blood pressure
And the third remained silent.
The results? The researchers found that students who had listened to Mozart scored higher than students in the other groups.
Does Mozart's music make you smarter?
However, Francesca Rauscher herself has made it clear later that there is no scientific evidence that listening to some type of music increases intelligence. Further investigation reveals that Mozart's sonatas are pleasant to the ear, but that it cannot be inferred from this that they enhance children's intelligence.