Global Justice

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Global Justice

Problems of global violence can be solved by looking at both the historical and social structure of societies and evaluating their current social conditions. There have been injustices in the world since time immemorial, and to address such there is need to explore the causes and offer solutions so as peace can prevail. Through employing different perspectives and approaches, it is easy to achieve solutions to global violence. The authors Immanuel Kant, Palo Freire and Michael Foucault try to explain how global peace can be created and how societies can live in harmony.

In Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Paulo Freire explores a deep combination of educational, philosophical and political theories to assist individuals to awaken their ability to think and, at the same time, create awareness of critical aspects of life. The new critical view involves a totally different approach to education where the teacher develops a deep relationship with his students, and, by empowering them to get into dialogues, the teacher assists in developing these dialogues which slowly leads to a process of humanization through the student's thoughts and actions. Freire explains that there is a problem of fear for individuals who feel oppressed; he tries to make the oppressed people see the world that is beyond themselves and their situations, and this is only possible if the victims of the oppression accept the radical change which will transform their lives.

Freire refers to the traditional approach and the relationship between a teacher and a student as banking education. He views and understands the relationship as not sufficient to ensure that the oppressed in the society get out of their cocoons and start to implement changes in the communities where they live. Freire explains the conventional method of learning, where the teachers participate in the process of oppressing the students rather than assisting them, thus presenting personalities for further oppression. He proposes that the surest way to overcome the oppression of victims is by adopting an approach of problem-posing education which assists teachers to get into the shoes of their students, hence understanding them.

The author assists in articulating the standards for global ethical witnessing as he presents a clear methodology through which individuals in communities are able to understand issues that are important to both them and their societies, and work towards the improvement of the same. Freire also uses the text to critic the oppressive methodologies, used to control the people whom they serve, which include conquests, division, manipulation, and cultural invasions. He also advises on how individuals can stay focused on their needs and reduce oppression by leaders.

The Subject of Power, written by Michael Foucault, explores issues related to power and its use as a major tool in the process of submission and coercion. Foucault sees the power as the main key element which runs the world, and through which the world is non-existent on its absence. Foucault emphasizes on the ideas that power is everywhere, and that it constitutes of agents rather than being owned by them. He explains that the human view of power is displaced and is rather illusive as power can diffuse and it is not concentrated in one particular place. At the same time it can only be enacted and not possessed.

Foucault responds to the traditional view of power and the historical context that power was embodied in several known individuals that have been in domination. He instead disapproves this and spreads a new mentality that power comes from everywhere and that it is found everywhere. He also emphasizes that power is not vested in any given structure or agency, but instead it is a regime of truth that is freely available it the society. Foucault through the text explains that power can only be constituted through accepted knowledge forms and an understanding of the truth.

The usefulness of Foucault's work in the global ethical witnessing is that he fights to ensure that individuals get over the registered mentality of power, and that they would get accustomed to knowing that power did not belong to any particular person. By knowing how power was made and structured, individuals could be in a better position to freely choose leaders who would be suitable for their growth and development, and not those individuals who have been there in the past, but had no impact on the societies which they were in charge of.

Immanuel Kant's Perpetual Peace criticizes the political view of everything by the leaders that we have in the current day who believe that achieving the state of absolute peace is completely impossible. He explains that peace is not earned, but it is rather sought by all individuals who are willing to live in peace and harmony. Kant also explains that war is an indicator of moral standards of the two warring communities. Kant also defines war as a state of trying to solve a conflict that has no legal solution or ruling, hence can only be resolved by violence. Kant explains that war should not separate and break the relationships between countries as it is temporary.

Immanuel Kant, through his philosophical text, assists in addressing the mystery surrounding war as he claims that the breakout of a war is not merely hostility, but the natural state of what human societies look like. He emphasizes that only in the civil society individuals can sign treaties and live in peace and harmony with each other. Kant explains that all men in each and every given state is legally free and share a common legislation in that particular state. For democracies to be formed, violence and war need to be present as each party claims the part of leadership involved.

Immanuel Kant assists in addressing global ethical witnessing as he uncovers the mysteries that surround war and advises what societies need to do in order to have long periods of peace and prosperity. Kant emphasizes the fact that if societies want to experience periods of long lasting peace, they need to earn it, and not simply hope that it will show up. Kant also assists the readers to understand the importance of war and violence in the process of appreciating peace and long-term calm in any society that has been through that.

Immanuel Kant in the text  What is Enlightenment? explains that it is a process through which individuals in societies can rid themselves of the bondage of the mind after the many years of exploitation where they allowed it. Kant proposes the requirements of each and every individual for purposes of intellectual enlightenment. Kant was optimistic regarding the fact that the greatest human power was vested in the human beings ability to freely think, act without coercion and be treated according to their individual dignities.

Through the text What is Enlightenment, Kant assists in solving the question of the historical process, and challenges the importance of intellectual freedom. The author explains that human beings were slowly driven into a state of intellectual slavery as they were slowly getting afraid to reason and enlarge their knowledge, which they knew and considered dear. Kant also explained that freedom of the human minds was hindered by the human’s fear to make independent decisions because of the fear of judgment.

Kant, in the book Enlightenment, assists in global ethical witnessing as he strongly campaigns for the independent and intellectual thinking of individuals to provide a better society which is not made up of half-baked or invalid ideas. Kant also assists human beings to re-evaluate their strategy towards a brighter future and understand how that is affected by their intellectual abilities, terming them as either failed or successful. With these, he is able to establish an analysis and recommendations of restoring the human race back to an acceptable reasoning and intellectual state.

All the authors try to bring out their points of view to try solve the global crisis of peace, violence and power. They attempt to use historical approaches and philosophy to solve the problems of peace, power, war and injustice that exist in the present day society. By employing Immanuel Kant’s, Palo Freire’s and Michael Foucault’s approaches of how to attain peace, communities can live happily, and the world can a better place. This article about Justice. If this article intersted for you , come here


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