The CRAAP Test is a way to estimate a sourceâ€™s efficacy in an educational setting.
Letâ€™s take a closer look at how understanding the C.R.A.A.P. in a source can work as a helpful source evaluation tool.
Primarily experts and science students use The CRAAP Test
to determine if articles are enough for use in an academic environment, though the test can be applied to the virtues.
What is CRAAP?
Currency - The timeliness of the information
Key Question: When was the item of knowledge published or written?
Deciding when an item of information was written or produced is an aspect of evaluating information. The date information was published or created tells you how popular it is or how existing it is with the topic you are researching. There are two facets to the issue of currency. Is the information the most current version? Is the information the original research, description, or account?
Relevance - The importance of the information for your needs.
Key Question: How does this source add to my research paper?
The purpose of the agreement above is the same thing as relevance. Information experts with a very narrow focus or a particular bias mean that you need to find extra references to obtain the information on other features of your topic. Some questions to consider are: Does the information relate to my topic or answer my question? Who is the intended audience?
Authority - The source of the informationÂ
Key Question: Is the person, organization, or institution responsible for the thoughtful content of the information learned in that subject?
Anyone can make an assertion or a statement about something, event, or idea, but only someone who knows or understands what that thing, event, or idea is can make a fairly powerful statement or assertion about it. Some external indications of knowledge of or expertise are: a formal academic degree in a subject area professional or work-related experienceâ€“businessmen, government agency personnel, sports figures, etc. have expertise in their area of work.
Accuracy - The reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the information
Key Question: How free from error is this piece of information?
Verifying the accuracy, or relative accuracy, of information is an important part of assessing the reliability of the information. It is easier to authenticate the accuracy of facts than it is opinions or ideas.
The more an idea, opinion, or different piece of data differs from the current point of view on a particular topic the more difficult it is to verify its accuracy. It may be quite accurate but corroborating it is both more important and more difficult.
An essential aspect of accuracy is the personal sincerity of the item. Are the sources properly cited in the text and listed in the references? Are quotations cited correctly and in context? Out-of-context quotes can be misleading and sometimes completely erroneous.
Are there exaggerations, omissions, or errors? These are difficult to identify if you use only one source of information. Always use several different sources of information on your topic. Analyzing what different sources say about a topic is one way to understand that topic.
Purpose: The reason the information exists
Key Question: Who is this information is written for or this product developed for?
Identifying the intended audience of the information or product is another aspect of evaluating information. The expected audience of an item generally determines the style of presentation, the level of technical detail, and the depth of coverage. You should also consider the authorâ€™s objectivity.
For example, books on food hygiene written for children, restaurant workers, or for research microbiologists will be very different even though they all cover the same topic. Determining the intended audience of a particular piece of information will help you decide whether or not the information will be too basic, too technical, too general, or just right for your needs.
The intended audience can also indicate the potential reliability
of the item because some audiences require more documentation than others.
The CRAAP Test
Review the steps of the C.R.A.A.P method and practice evaluating sources in this tutorial from Eastern Michigan University