Among the many rituals of the Hajj pilgrimage, sacrificing an animal also remains a necessary one and it is known as ‘Hady’. Pilgrims traveling to Makkah through their hajj packages for the holy rituals also have to perform Hady, otherwise, hajj is incomplete.
Hady is a word of Arabic origin that is also known as Damm al-Shukr. It refers to an animal sacrifice that is carried out by pilgrims on the 10th day of Dhul Hijjah. Hady remains Wajib for those performing Hajj-al-Tamattu and Hajj-al-Qiran and a sunnah for those performing Hajj-al-Ifrad. As it remains a means of expressing gratitude for having been granted the ability to undertake the sacred journey of Hajj and Umrah at the same time.
Significance of Hady.
Hady gets performed in remembrance of the sunnah of Prophet Ibrahim (AS) and his (AS) willingness to sacrifice his son Ismail (AS) at Allah’s command. As he (AS) was preparing to sacrifice his son Hazrat Ismail (AS) in the path of Allah almighty, a sacrificial animal was provided as a substitute at the last moment. It was indeed a test for him (AS) by Allah almighty which he (AS) successfully passed.
This sunnah of Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) also gets followed by millions of Muslims across the globe whether they are on the hajj pilgrimage or not. Muslims sacrifice animals on Edi-ul-Adha in remembrance of this great event of history.
Animals that can be sacrificed.
The sacrificial animals for Hady must be treated in the best possible manner and must be of a certain age before the sacrifice is carried out. The following domesticated animals/cattle are permitted for Hady;
Camel (5 years or older).
Cow/Bull/Buffalo/ Ox (2 years or older).
Goat/Ram (1 year or older).
Sheep (6 months or 1 year).
The animals used for Hady must be perfectly healthy and free of any defects. For instance;
Injured e.g., its limbs, horns, or teeth are broken.
As per the religious teachings, you can either sacrifice a sheep or goat by yourself or you can join up with six other pilgrims (making seven in total) where each buys a share in a camel or a cow.
When is Hady Performed?
Hady must be carried out after performing Rami of Jamarat al-Aqaba on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah up until sunset on the 12th of Dhul Hijjah. It must be performed before the pilgrim’s hair is cut. Otherwise, if it is carried out before or after this timeframe, a penalty will be due for the pilgrim.
Where is Hady Performed?
It is evident from the hadith of Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) that Hady should only take place in Mina or Makkah. Hence, for a pilgrim, Hady cannot be performed in his/her home country.
These are some of the necessary things to know about Hady and where it should be performed during the hajj by the pilgrims.